#FreshFacts: Quick facts about Malaria on World Mosquito Day
World Mosquito Day is an annual campaign raises awareness of the threat of malaria via mosquitoes. It marks the anniversary of Sir Ronald Ross's discovery that female Anopheles mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans.
A disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.
Treatable by a medical professional
Spreads by animals or insects
Requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging always required
Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Critical: needs emergency care
The severity of malaria varies based on the species of plasmodium.
- sweating, usually occurring a few weeks after being bitten.
People traveling to areas where malaria is common typically take protective drugs before, during and after their trip. Treatment includes antimalarial drugs.
How it spreads:
By animal or insect bites or stings.
By blood products (unclean needles or unscreened blood).
Malaria risk areas in South Africa:
The areas of transmission of malaria in South Africa are the North-Eastern parts of Limpopo (along the borders with Mozambique and Zimbabwe), the Lowveld areas of Mpumalanga (including the Kruger National Park but excluding Mbombela and immediate surrounds) and the far northern parts of Kwa-Zulu Natal.
Read more about World Mosquito Day.
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